Traditions in Banat
Choirs and fanfares
The first forms of "singing together" appeared in village churches and, shortly afterwards, they transformed into "worldly song" (party).
The Chizătău Choir, the first organized and recognized artistic manifestation of the Banat peasants, was founded in 1840 as a church choir, becoming known in 1857.
Another choral formation known in the second half of the 19th century is the choir of Lugoj, considered the oldest urban choir in the country.
They laid the foundation stone of the choral school in Banat, so that at the beginning of the 20th century there were over 150 choirs and 38 peasant fanfares in most Banat townships.
Trained and led by talented people and with love of music, they played an important role in preserving the cultural and artistic heritage of Banat, contributing to the popular manifestation of the Romanian national spirit.
Regarding the fanfares, these were meant to musically raise youth, socialize and impose some typical city-specific behaviors and values, including in the rural world.
The balls are a tradition that is still preserved in Banat.
Timișoara, considered over time a space of interference of many cultures and religions, has been remarked in its multi-secular history through the continuity of traditions.
The Ball of Hope, The Midsummer Ball or The Teacher Ball, which have been taking place in the last few years regularly, tries to revive the charm of the evenings hundreds of years ago.
The ”Ionilor” Ball takes place on the occasion of the celebration of St. John the Baptist, without a special organization, except that all those with the name "Ion" are forced to dance in the middle of the night. Each of them has to lead a dance (”brau” - types of men's chain dances or ”hora” - a large circle dance) and give drinks to those present. The ”Ionilor” Ball is also an opportunity to promote popular costumes and traditions.
The Semantron Festival in Giroc
The Semantron Festival is held every year, around the Holy Easter Holidays, in Giroc, near Timișoara.
The young participants at the event show their mastery, which is a tradition in many families in Banat.
The semantron is a percussion instrument used in monasteries to summon the monastics to prayer or at the start of a procession.
”Doina” and ”brâul”
Banat still preserves the archaic technique of interpreting the ”doina” song, as well as the traditional dance style in ”soroc” or ”brâu”, which contribute to the shaping of the image of the genuine Banat village.
”Doina” is a Romanian traditional song, a lyric song, solemn and spontaneous improvisation, about deep fears of human nature: joy, sadness, nostalgia, love, loneliness, war, the passage of time and aging.
”Brâul” is a term used for types of men's chain dances in Romania and ”Sorocul” is a column dance, originally from Banat area. The word ”soroc” means ”destiny”.
Information and photo-video sources
pagina Facebook a Centrului Turistic Margina
https://www.youtube.com/ - Ansamblul Timisul - Sorocuri din Banat